Conducting in music is an art of consolidating efforts of a group of people engaging in musical performance together. It involves directing a group of musicians like ensembles and choir during the preparatory section and live performance of a musical piece. Music conductor is an individual that has striking music knowledge, leadership and communication skill set. Conducting is a unique and special role in musical group because conductor is the only one among the performers that do not produce sound.
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Conductor, on the other hand, ensures order and technical mastery in the performance of the musicians he coordinated. Also, he endeavours to impart them with his own artistic approach and understanding of a given work. The conductor’s role is very important in ensuring the plain sailing performance of any group of musicians either big or small. He creates an obvious homogeneous tempo, and preserve it throughout the performance. Moreover, he helps the musical quality of the piece through expression, dynamics, and cues.
Short History behind conducting
No standing conductor in the orchestras of the ancient classical music. The first violin was the leader or conductor of the orchestras then and the harpsichord player can stand as the leader sometime. When he want the music to start, he will raise his hand or violin bow in line with the right tempo. afterward, they will follow him as he played his music part. However, music became more sophisticated with time and called for a musician with the sole responsibility of signify the flow and tempo of the music. That is when we have a conductor.
Conductor is the main interpreter of any piece of music. It is the one of the responsibilities of conductor to fathom the piece and convey it through his body movement and gesture in an effective manner that musician he conducts have perfect understanding of it. When the conducting is done rightly, the musicians will able to disseminate the consolidated motive of the music out to the listeners.
Art of conducting
The fundamental duties of every conductor are the same. These are independent of the group you conduct, either a congregation, ensemble or a choir. It may even be a soloist or a string quartet. The main purpose of every art of conducting is keeping the musicians together to perform with synergy.
Normally, the art of conducting in music is rooted in system of manual motions specially developed for this purpose. Most conductors use a baton with their right hand to highlight the metrical lay out and utilized their left hand to indicate the entry point of different parts and instruments. The physical action that every conductor utilizes are the nonverbal means of passing basic musical information to the group. And definitely, they don’t need any musical background to discern it.
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In actual fact, conducting a group of musicians is not all about striking the right pattern but how you augment the pattern and establish a well-defined music. The look and expressions on the conductor’s face plays a vital role in achieving this. Moreover, the effective conducting calls for significant knowledge of music, a remarkable understanding of musical instruments and concert repertoire. Also, you cannot underestimate the mastery of preparatory beats, active use of a baton and hand gestures. Not only that, but also the ability to establish active harmony with the performer.
However, modern conducting is highly based on persona, you can also call it talent or charisma. Whatever you call it, good training in the theory of music, harmony, and good ear with outstanding and active musical memory is crucial for every conductor. In addition, purposeful will and good understanding of the ensemble or the choir are also expected of the modern conductor. He must also have the ability to balance melody, rhythm, volume, and other elements to make good music. More than the artistic skill set, modern conducting requires psychological approach, knowledge of body language and history behind the piece.
Role and Duty of a conductor
Conductor role in musical group like choirs, orchestras, and bands is analogous to the leader of any organization or group. They lead rehearsals and performances of any group of musicians, either instrumental or choir ensembles. Music conductors are teacher cum director during rehearsals of his group. They portray the music to musicians, feed them back on their performance and provide a way forward to the next level. In short, they are the impact behind the advancement of music in any group they lead.
Furthermore, conductor are majorly responsible for the group’s choice of music and performance. In fact, the concert and live performance of their group rest on their shoulder. The way they convey their feelings about the music promote and stir the mood of any show. Without making any sound during the performance, conductor are majorly in control of the group’s attitude, mood and much more. Also, they are the advocate between the music, musicians and the listeners during live performance to make a good music that entangle the emotions.
In conclusion, the role belongs to the hero in the music sector.