The Form is the building block of any musical piece and an indispensable element to all musical compositions. In order to be a good musician, one needs to understand it. Also, anyone that is curious about music theory, composition, and history needs to have strong knowledge of musical form. Besides, having a proper understanding of the form of music makes the listener enjoy every aspect of the music more. Therefore, it is valuable to know how the form works in music since it’s the basis of the big picture.
What is Musical Form
Musical form is the particular pattern in which every part of the composition is structured and organized. Every musical composition has a specific form with characteristics and structure that give them a notable identity. This can also be related to shape in their different form. For instance, every object with three sides is known as a triangle. Also, a shape with four sides is called quadrilateral, same thin applies to pentagon and hexagon. They were all identified by their structures as a form of shapes.
Similarly, the structure makes us understand that a piece of particular music from one composer is rondo and not sonata. Specifically, all rondo compositions are not the same in terms of notes and materials. However, the way they were structure and organized will give them a specific characteristic that will define them as a rondo for every rondo lover. The same thing applies to other forms of music or composition. They all have a structure that is peculiar to them. In a nutshell, every musical piece has a general structure or pattern that defined them and this is known as the form.
Elements of Musical Form
In every standardized musical piece, an idea evolves from one to another and all units are interrelated. Either the musical piece is short or long, there are always some important elements that normally develop music into its form. The elements are basically three and they are repetition, contrast, and variation.
This is the technique of recapitulating a phrase or melody that has previously occurred in a musical piece. The repetition establishes a sense of familiarity and activates the memories of listeners to recognize and remember a melody or phrase repeated. The repetition as related to melodies is majorly employed to tie up compositions as one.
This involves the injection of a completely new melody or phrase in a musical piece. Contrast supports variety and establishes opposition and change of mood. However, the interaction of a recognizable melody with the new one arouses the interest of listeners in music.
This involves alteration of the main melody or phrase without tampering with its identity. This element rephrases the main melody and still makes its identity noticeable. This is done by retaining some basic feature of the melody or phrase and make changes to others. For instance, you can change the rhythm of a melody or its pitch. Variation is very powerful because one can actually create the whole composition from just one musical ideal by variation.
Basis of Musical Form
The basic foundation of the musical form is to repeat some peculiar effect definitively as related to the form. Every form demands the composer to pay attention to specific codes of conduct or rules, practically like a blueprint. These code of conduct might govern the length of a piece, and how frequently the principal melody reoccurs. In addition, It also regulate the type of chords that is allowed, and so forth. For instance, to have a new composition that will fit into a specific type of musical form, one needs to follow the structure of the melody, harmony, and rhythmic effect known with the form. Also, one needs to actively establish the structural arrangement of that form. These are necessary in order to properly exhibit its identity and make it perceptible.
Bigger things normally form when we bring different smaller things together either in parts or proportion. Likewise, in music, the main composition is formed from the consolidation of smaller elements. This involves accepted rhythmic effect and tonality unification and also the unification of different aspects of the piece like movements, periods, and phrases. And when all of these were joined together as one, we will actually have completeness of expression. Also, the proper interpretation and true appreciation will be realized.
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Moreover, the composer needs an expression to repeat these effects in a particular way that will not deviate from the original material. Also, in a way that will be meaningful to the sense of hearing without getting tired. This is realized by varying and also contrast the material. Repetition activates the memory of the hearer and assists to create guideposts all over the performance. On the other hand, contrast establishes curiosity and anticipation. Besides, the selection of the key also contributes greatly to this end. When these factors are well established, there will definitely be a capability to create many standard music in different forms.
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