There are a variety of clarinet types including the piccolo clarinet, the E-flat clarinet, and the soprano clarinet (in D-and-C). The type of clarinet will have also include the A clarinet, B-flat clarinet, the alto clarinet and contra-alto clarinets. Further more, we have the basset-horn clarinet, the bass clarinet, the basset clarinet, and the contra-bass.
The Clarinet that is most commonly used in today’s world is known as the B-flat (B♭-soprano) clarinet. It is naturally used for solo and orchestral roles, and is also a major force in music for wind instruments. A huge number of repertoire of music was recorded written for the Bb clarinet, so the instrument is the most popular choice for beginning students, and it can also serve as a good crossover instrument, which permit players to easily pick up other instruments like the saxophone or flute at a later time. The B-flat clarinet is known to be about 60 cm (23.6 in) long and poseses a range of more than three octaves.
The next most common is the clarinet in A. The A type of clarinet (A- clarinet) is a cardinal orchestral instrument, and many pieces like solo and chamber-music have been written for it as well. It is used occasionally in music piece for wind instruments. The A clarinet and B flat clarinet are very identical in size (only half a tone apart) and they also have the same bore diameter, this allow you to use only one mouth piece for both instruments. The fingering arrangement on an A clarinet is the same as that on a B♭ clarinet.
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The bass clarinet is much bigger than the rest of the clarinets, this means it’s quite heavy often being too heavy for some players to carry with playing. A neck strap is often used to take some of the weight off. Unlike other types of clarinet, bass clarinet’s bell is turned upward, and this gave it a look that is identical to a saxophone. Bass clarinets usually come in two variations. Some instruments will have a range to low Eb, with that lowest key on the bell, while others will have a range extending to a low C. Though it is not common as the soprano models, the bass clarinet does have a sizable repertoire, and it can be heard in classical, orchestral, jazz, and even pop music.
Clarinet Uses in Music
Clarinets as a musical instrument are frequently used in the production of chamber music in combinations with other instruments, such as the clarinet and piano duet, the clarinet and the piano with another instrument or vocals, the clarinet quintet that includes the string quartet and the clarinet, and several others.
The clarinet is a versatile member of the orchestra, the principal treble woodwind of the concert band and it was the last instrument to be included in the symphony orchestra. The clarinet is a transposing instrument. Its part in the score is written at a different pitch from the one actually sounded. The clarinet is used sometimes to balance the flute sound that is known to be high or to blend the wood section by adding more middle voices. Due its functional range, the clarinet is regularly utilized to interpret many different moods in orchestral pieces.
Maintenance of your Clarinet
To keep your instrument in a good condition, you need to take good care of it in the right way. These are some ways you can rightly take care of your clarinet.
When you are not using your clarinet, keep it closed in its case to help protect it and to prevent it from the possibility of damage. Also ensure you keep your reeds in a reed guard to allow them to properly dry out and to avoid any chipping or cracking.
No gum or soft drinks before playing. Sugar mixed with saliva builds up on the pads and causes them to stick, making it difficult to play the instrument. After playing, take your reed off, squeeze the excess water out of it and place it in your reed guard. Because as you play, your clarinet do collect moisture inside from the warm air that’s coming out of your mouth. This warm air as a moisture can accumulate in your keypads. If you do not clean it after each playing session, it can result to air leaks in the clarinet.
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The outside of the clarinet should also be wiped off with a clean cloth to remove fingerprints. This will prevent the instrument from tarnishing and will also hp in keeping it in good working condition. Make sure you clean your mouthpiece once a week using warm soapy water and your mouthpiece cleaning brush. This will sanitize the mouthpiece and also remove any foreign materials. Never use pliers or hammers on your instrument. Improper use of household tools is a common cause of unnecessary damage to instruments and do not leave a woodwind instrument in a hot car, or in your trunk. Extreme temperatures can damage your instrument.