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All Things Bright and Beautiful

Deer on the hill - All Things Bright and Beautiful

All Things Bright and Beautiful

“All Things Bright and Beautiful” is a treasured hymn that celebrates the beauty of nature and the world around us.

It tells us that everything, whether big or small, is created by God and deserves our appreciation.

This timeless hymn originated from a book of hymns in the 19th century and has become an important part of Christian worship and culture.

In this hymn, each verse focuses on different parts of creation, from the natural world to animals and people.

The verses express thankfulness for the intricate details of creation, like the delicate petals of flowers and the soaring wings of birds.

This hymn really captures a deep sense of awe and respect for God’s work.

The lyrics of “All Things Bright and Beautiful” are often sung to a melody created by William Henry Monk.

This uplifting message and catchy tune have made it a favorite in Christian worship, especially in Anglican and Protestant traditions.

But it’s not just for church; it’s also a popular song for children. In fact, it’s sometimes used in non-religious contexts to celebrate the wonders of the natural world.

Furthermore, this hymn goes beyond specific religious groups. It has become a song that people from different backgrounds appreciate as a way to recognize and enjoy the earth’s beauty.

Its enduring popularity attests to its ability to evoke feelings of amazement and gratitude in anyone who sings its verses.

Who Wrote the Hymn All Things Bright and Beautiful?

The hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful” was written by Cecil Frances Alexander (1818–1895), an Irish hymnwriter and poet.

She penned this beloved hymn in the 19th century, and it was published in her 1848 hymnbook titled “Hymns for Little Children.”

Cecil Frances Alexander was known for her prolific writing of hymns and poems.

Many of her works reflected her deep Christian faith and a desire to teach moral and spiritual lessons, particularly to children.

“All Things Bright and Beautiful” is one of her most well-known and enduring works.

Cecil Frances Alexander

Cecil Frances Alexander  (1818 – 1895)

Cecil Frances Alexander was an Irish hymnwriter and poet known for her significant contributions to Christian hymnody.

She was born on April 18, 1818, in Dublin, Ireland, into a prominent Anglican family. Her father, John Humphreys, was a major landowner.

During her early years, Cecil Frances Alexander showed a keen interest in writing poetry.

Her inspiration largely stemmed from her interactions with notable figures like Dr. Walter Hook, the Dean of Chichester.

As she grew older, her religious writings were greatly influenced by her involvement with the Oxford Movement.

This was particularly due to her association with John Keble, who curated “Hymns for Little Children” in 1848, an anthology to which she contributed. This book included “All Things Bright and Beautiful.”

Also in 1846, she published a book of poems and hymns titled “Verses for Holy Seasons.”

Cecil Frances Alexander, known primarily for her hymnwriting, was a prolific and influential figure in the realm of Christian music.

Her hymns were characterized by their clear and accessible language, making them particularly suitable for children. She often used her writings to convey moral and spiritual lessons, especially to young audiences.

Throughout her life, Frances Alexander wrote numerous hymns and poems that addressed various aspects of the Christian faith. These included the beauty of creation, the life of Jesus, and the importance of charity and kindness.

Some of her famous hymns, including “All Things Bright and Beautiful”, “There is a green hill far away”, and the Christmas carol “Once in Royal David’s City”, have become widely recognized by Christians worldwide.

These hymns are continuing to be sung and cherished in Christian worship around the world, reflecting the enduring impact of her faith and literary contributions.

Marriage and Later Life

At the age of 23, in 1843, she married William Alexander, who later became the Bishop of Derry and Raphoe.

Cecil Frances Alexander thus became known as Mrs. Alexander or simply Frances Alexander.

Frances Alexander and her husband, William, had three children, all of whom became accomplished in their own right. The family lived in Londonderry, Ireland.

Frances Alexander was a devout Christian, and her strong faith was a central aspect of her life.

She was deeply involved in charitable work and was known for her dedication to helping the less fortunate.

She continued her prolific writing until her passing. Frances Alexander died on October 12, 1895, at the Bishop’s Palace in Derry and was buried in Derry City Cemetery.

The Lyrics of the Hymn

All things bright and beautiful,
All creatures great and small,
All things wise and wonderful,
The Lord God made them all.

1. Each little flower that opens,
Each little bird that sings,
He made their glowing colours,
He made their tiny wings.

2. The rich man in his castle,
The poor man at his gate,
God made them high and lowly,
And ordered their estate.

3. The purple headed mountain,
The river running by,
The sunset and the morning,
That brightens up the sky;

4. The cold wind in the winter,
The pleasant summer sun,
The ripe fruits in the garden,
He made them every one:

5. The tall trees in the greenwood,
The meadows where we play,
The rushes by the water,
We gather every day;

6. He gave us eyes to see them,
And lips that we might tell,
How great is God Almighty,
Who has made all things well.

What Is the Poem All Things Bright and Beautiful About?

The poem “All Things Bright and Beautiful” by Cecil Frances Alexander celebrates the beauty and diversity of the natural world.

Through verses that exude simplicity and sincerity, the poem-turned-hymn encourages us to discern the divine presence in every aspect of our surroundings.

This includes every aspect of the natural world, from the smallest flower to the grandest landscapes.

The poems are indeed texts of appreciation and gratitude for the diverse and wondrous creations of God.

In addition, it encourages us to see the beauty in every aspect of life, as it is a product of divine creation.

Yes, it emphasizes the idea that every living and non-living creature is created by God and deserves our appreciation.

The poem also encourages a sense of wonder and reverence for the intricacies of creation. It highlights the colors, shapes, and behaviors of various elements in nature.

In addition, the poem celebrates the beauty, order, and purpose found in the world around us.

It specifically invites us to recognize and give thanks for the myriad blessings bestowed upon us by a benevolent Creator.

This reinforces a sense of wonder and appreciation for the world around us, urging us to acknowledge the divine presence in all things.

Its message of stewardship and appreciation for the Earth’s bounty has transcended time.

This message resonates deeply with environmentalists and advocates who champion responsible care of our planet.

This poem has become a widely recognized and beloved piece of hymnody.

It’s not only found in numerous hymnals across the English-speaking world but has also been set to music by modern composers like John Rutter.

A Short History of All Things Bright and Beautiful

Cecil Frances Alexander penned the renowned hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful.” The hymn first appeared in 1848 within her collection “Hymns for Little Children.”

It has been suggested that the hymn’s verses expand on a passage from the Apostles’ Creed. Specifically, it portrays God as the “maker of heaven and earth.”

This interpretation is often seen as an expression of a belief in creationism.

Derived from Genesis 1:31, which proclaims, “And God saw all that he had made, and it was very good,” Alexander’s interpretation clarifies the phrase “Maker of heaven and earth.”

This insightful explanation was first published in her “Hymns for Little Children” in 1848, spanning seven stanzas.

One stanza reads:

"The rich man in his castle,
The poor man at his gate,
God made them high and lowly
And ordered their estate."

However, the sentiments of this verse are now considered outdated, leading many modern renditions of “All Things Bright and Beautiful” to omit the third stanza.

In its present form, Alexander’s original first stanza has become the refrain, and stanzas 3 and 6 have been left out.

Percy Dearmer, when compiling The English Hymnal in 1906, chose to leave out this verse.

He sympathized with Christian socialism and believed the words reflected the “passivity and inertia at the heart of the British Establishment in the face of huge inequalities in Edwardian society.”

The revised edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern, released in 1950, also excludes this verse.

While there are various theories about the sources that influenced Alexander’s composition, Sir John Heygate of Bellarena House in County Londonderry offered a credible account.

He linked the hymn to numerous visits made by the Alexanders to what was then the Gage family residence.

Sir John attributed “the purple headed mountain” to the nearby Benevenagh. He also liked “the river running by” to the River Roe, which flows past Bellarena House.


This account was relayed by Sir Norman Stronge, the late speaker of the Northern Ireland House of Commons, whose family also had connections to the area.

Music Published with the Hymn

The beloved hymn is often sung to the melodious tune “All Things Bright and Beautiful,” composed by William Henry Monk in 1887.

Monk gained recognition for his significant contributions to music editing, particularly in the publication of Hymns Ancient and Modern, which saw various editions from 1861 to 1889.

St Peter’s Church Choir- Kisaasi TUNE: by William Henry Monk

Alternatively, it’s also sung to a tune called “Royal Oak,” which is attributed to Martin F. Shaw.

This tune was derived from a 17th-century folk melody known as “The Twenty-Ninth of May,” originally featured in The Dancing Master in 1686.

Martin F. Shaw later adapted it into a hymn setting, which was included in his children’s songbook, Song Time, in 1915.

It gained wide association with the hymn after being included in the Songs of Praise hymnal.

In contemporary hymnals, “Royal Oak” is typically paired with the lyrics by Cecil Frances Alexander.

Other Tunes

Apart from these, there are several other tunes used with “All Things Bright and Beautiful.”

These include “Greystone,” composed by William Richard Waghorne in 1906, and “Gerald (Spohr),” composed by Louis Spohr in 1834, among many others.

In the Apostolic Christian Church of America, a different melody was created by Mary Yergler Rassi.

In earlier editions of the Church of Scotland’s Church Hymnary, they utilized the tunes “God in Nature” by John Stainer and “All Things Bright” by Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley.

John Rutter, a renowned composer, also crafted an adaptation. His 1990 arrangement of the hymn is splendid for choirs.

The melody and accompaniment complement the lyrics beautifully.

Moreover, it’s not overly challenging and can be accompanied by various instruments or simply the piano.

All Things Bright and Beautiful, Conducted by John Rutter
The Mark Thallander Foundation Choir Festival, February 17, 2008

Final Note

The hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful” beautifully encapsulates a deep reverence for the natural world.

It resonates with the belief that every element of creation, regardless of its size or significance, is a manifestation of God’s handiwork.

Cecil Frances Alexander, a gifted poet and hymnwriter, composed this tribute to creation as an expression of her profound Christian faith.

Her intention was to convey valuable lessons, particularly to young hearts, through her work.

However, the hymn resonates with both the old and the young, as it acknowledges the inherent value and purpose of every living being and inanimate object.

From the delicate petals of flowers to the majestic mountains and flowing rivers, each component of the world is a testament to God’s wisdom and creativity.

Furthermore, “All Things Bright and Beautiful” fosters a spirit of inclusivity and equality.

It underscores that all individuals, regardless of their social standing or circumstances, are part of God’s divine plan.

This message is evident in the verses that speak of the rich and the poor. It emphasizes that both are equally significant in the eyes of the Creator.

The hymn’s enduring legacy lies not only in its lyrical beauty but also in its capacity to convey profound spiritual truths through accessible and poetic language.

Overall, the hymn’s theme is one of awe, gratitude, and a call to recognize the profound interconnectedness of all living beings with the natural world.

‘All Things Bright and Beautiful’ continues to resonate in sanctuaries and hearts worldwide. It serves as a lasting testament to the inherent goodness and magnificence of our surroundings.

It also beckons us to value and safeguard the precious gifts that have been granted to us.

Also Read Other Hymn Stories

The Story of the Hymn “Blessed Assurance”
Story Behind the Hymn “O Worship the King”
Story Behind the Hymn “My Jesus, I Love Thee”
A Story of the Hymn: “Nearer, My God, to Thee”
“My Hope Is Built on Nothing Less” Hymn Story
A Story About the Hymn “It Is Well with My Soul”
Story Behind the Hymn “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God”
Story You Need to Know About the Hymn “Christ Arose!”
A Story Behind the Hymn “The Day Thou Gavest, Lord, Is Ended”

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